These are called "sumping" and are found mainly in central Java. They are worn by both men and women only for ceremonial functions. These were worn by rulers to show rank and imply sensitivity to the needs of their subjects. Court dancers also wore these as part of their headdress. Today they are worn by brides and grooms. The version worn by men sometimes has ornamental dangles. The dangles are absent from the female version since she is assumed to be wearing ear plugs. My example is a vintage set (probably mid-century) made from gilded brass.
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